Projects that require knowledge of ancient languages must be enrolled in the research lines GRECO-LATIN POETRY AND PROSE or GRECO-LATIN THEORETICAL DISCOURSE. Their respective candidates, therefore, must take a Greek or Latin language proficiency test. Only projects focused on the relations between the literatures of departure (Greek and Latin) and the texts of arrival should apply to the Research Group RECEPTION OF GRECO-LATIN LITERATURE, and their candidates must take the dissertation on the reception of Greco-Latin Literature.
Aiming not only at promoting broader research lines, capable of housing a wider range of projects, but also at providing greater collaboration between the different projects developed in the Program, it was deemed more productive to reduce the number of lines of research and, consequently, the expansion of their content. Thus, as of 2012 there are two lines of research for the program, namely: 1) Greco-Latin Poetry and Prose; 2) Greco-Latin Theoretical Discourse. On the one hand, the first of these two new lines regroups thematically dispersed, nevertheless related proposals by three of the previous five lines in force since 1997, namely: 1) Greco-Latin Narrative, 2) Greco-Latin Theater, 3) Lyric, Satirical and Didactic Poetry; on the other hand, the name of one of the two previous research lines was kept, which regroups the proposals of the lines "Greco-Latin Theoretical Discourse" and "Greek and Latin Phrase Structure". The following is a brief description of the two current lines.
This line of research houses: 1) projects that study Greek and Latin texts in which poetic, rhetorical, or philosophical theory is expounded; 2) projects that investigate rhetorical, ethical, political, and mythical aspects of various Greek and Latin texts; 3) projects that focus on grammatical aspects of Greek and Latin prose and poetry; 4) projects that investigate lessons on Greek and Latin language by ancient grammarians and modern linguists.
- Greco-Latin Poetry and Prose
This line houses projects that investigate 1) Greco-Latin narrative, either in verse (epic) or prose (historiography, romance), in order to characterize the subject matter, elocution, methods and purposes proper to each narrative genre (= epic, history, etc.); 2) Greco-Latin dramaturgy, in order to characterize the species of tragedy, comedy, satirical drama, as well as to investigate the relations between drama and theater. ); 2) Greco-Latin dramaturgy, in order to characterize the species of tragedy, comedy, satirical drama, as well as to investigate the relations between theater and ethics, politics and philosophy; 3) the characterization of the various species of the so-called Greco-Latin lyric (odes, epigrams, epodos, etc.) and also of satire and didactics.
- Reception of Greek and Latin Literature
Definition: The research line "Reception of Graeco-Latin literature" will shelter study projects centered on the following topics: 1) reception of Graeco-Latin literature within Antiquity itself; 2) reception of Greco-Latin literature in the post-Antiquity cultural imaginary, in its various languages; 3) theories of reception-translation of Graeco-Latin literature.
Justification: Originating in aesthetics studies and used from the second half of the 20th century onwards to replace words such as "imitation", "permanence", "tradition", "inheritance", "influence", "appropriation", etc., the term "reception" was given the adjective "of the classics" to define the area of knowledge dedicated to the investigation of the processes of selection, representation or adaptation of works from Greco-Roman Antiquity in different epochs or contexts. The ancient corpus is therefore studied in the course of its transmission, as if it has been cut out, rewritten, translated, represented, and (re)imagined, according to the circumstances of the historical moment in which this (re)reading took place. Just as the artist who revisits Antiquity must do it consciously and deliberately, so must his reader be the bearer of the required knowledge for the dialogue (in which the receiver-producer is an intermediary between the ancient and his own time) to be established as broadly as possible, generating, in turn, other readings, which form a game of mirrors in which the classical reference is reflected as in a kaleidoscope, in multiple and multiplied forms, but always recognizable. Since the field of Classical Studies itself is necessarily involved, simultaneously with the theories related to the reception's area of arrival (the support in which the reception happens and that, in our days, may encompass productions such as cinema or comics), and since Reception Studies necessarily embrace borrowing, intertextuality, different theorizations and knowledge from several epochs, etc, the Reception of Greco-Latin Literature stands out, essentially, for its interdisciplinarity. In the same way, the study of reception necessarily establishes the bridge between "us" and the "ancients", recovering its quality of "classic", that is, of a text that is always alive, that always has something to say. Thus, new and larger audiences are formed for the reading of the classics of antiquity, shown in all their capacity to generate other contents, in the most different times and cultures, in all artistic media, from literature to games, from translations to advertising and fashion.